Katsuko Saruhashi (March 22, 1920 – September 29, 2007) was a Japanese geochemist who created tools that let her take some of the first measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in seawater. She later showed evidence of seawater and the atmosphere of the dangers of radioactive fallout and how far it can travel. Along with this focus on safety, she also researched peaceful uses of nuclear power.
Her other major area of significance involved raising the number and status of women scientists, especially in Japan. She established both the Society of Japanese Women Scientists and the Saruhashi Prize, which is given yearly to a female scientist who serves as a role model for younger women scientists.
Among her other honors, she was the first woman elected to the Science Council of Japan, to earn a doctorate in chemistry from the prestigious University of Tokyo, and to win the Miyake Prize for Geochemistry.
|1958||Established the Society of Japanese Women Scientists to promote women in the sciences and contribute to world peace|
|1979||Named Executive Director of the Geochemical Laboratory.|
|1980||First woman elected to the Science Council of Japan.|
|1981||Won the Avon Special Prize for Women, for researching peaceful uses of nuclear power and raising the status of women scientists.|
|1981||Established the Saruhashi Prize, given yearly to a female scientist who serves as a role model for younger women scientists.|
|1985||First woman to win the Miyake Prize for geochemistry.|
|1993||Won the Tanaka Prize from the Society of Sea Water Sciences.|
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